Sunday, 28 October 2012

Antonym & Synonym

A synonym is a word that means the same, or almost the same, as another word.
An antonym is a word that is the opposite meaning of another.

Here is a list of adjectives and their synonyms that are commonly used to describe people.

  • Beautiful: Attractive, Pretty, Lovely, Stunning
  • Fair: Just, Objective, Impartial, Unbiased
  • Funny: Humorous, Comical, Hilarious, Hysterical
  • Happy: Content, Joyful, Mirthful, Upbeat
  • Hardworking: Diligent, Determined, Industrious, Enterprising
  • Honest: Honorable, Fair, Sincere, Trustworthy
  • Intelligent: Smart, Bright, Brilliant, Sharp
  • Introverted: Shy, Bashful, Quiet, Withdrawn
  • Kind:Thoughtful, Considerate, Amiable, Gracious
  • Lazy: Idle, Lackadaisical, Lethargic, Indolent
  • Mean: Unfriendly, Unpleasant, Bad-tempered, Difficult
  • Outgoing: Friendly, Sociable, Warm, Extroverted
  • Rich: Affluent, Wealthy, Well-off, Well-to-do
  • Strong: Stable, Secure, Solid, Tough
  • Unhappy: Sad, Depressed, Melancholy, Miserable
  • Lucky: Auspicious, Fortunate
  • Positive: Optimistic, Cheerful, Starry-eyed, Sanguine
  • Bossy: Controlling, Tyrannical

There are three categories of antonyms:

Graded antonyms deal with levels of the meaning of the words, like if something is not “good”, is may still not be “bad.” There is a scale involved with some words, and besides good and bad there can be average, fair, excellent, terrible, poor, or satisfactory.

Examples include:
  • Fat and skinny
  • Young and old
  • Happy and sad
  • Hard and soft
  • Last and first
  • Foolish and wise
  • Fast and slow
  • Warm and cool
  • Wide and narrow
  • Abundant and scarce
  • Joy and grief
  • Dark and light
  • Dangerous and safe
  • Clever and foolish
  • Early and late
  • Empty and full
  • Smart and dumb
  • Risky and safe
  • Bad and good
  • Pretty and ugly
  • Best and worst
  • Simple and challenging
  • Soft and hard
  • Worried and calm
  • Sane and crazy
  • Rich and poor
  • Cool and hot
  • Wet and dry
  • Late and early
  • Ignorant and educated
  • Big and small
  • Optimistic and pessimistic
  • Excited and bored
  • Dull and interesting

Complementary antonyms have a relationship where there is no middle ground. There are only two possibilities, either one or the other.

Examples include:
  • Man and woman
  • Push and pull
  • Dead and alive
  • Off and on
  • Day and night
  • Absent and present
  • Exit and entrance
  • Sink or float
  • True or false
  • Pass and fail
  • Former and latter
  • Input and output
  • Interior and exterior
  • Exhale and inhale
  • Input and output
  • Occupied and vacant
  • Leave and arrive
  • Pre and post
  • Question and answer
  • Single and married
  • Hired and fired
  • Brother and sister
  • Before and after
  • Crooked and straight
  • Identical and different
  • Natural or artificial
  • Silence or noise
  • Identical or different
  • Yes and no
  • Wet and dry
  • Sharp and dull
  • Raise and lower
  • Fantasy and reality

Relational antonyms are sometimes considered a subcategory of complementary antonyms. With these pairs, for there to be a relationship, both must exist.

Examples are:
  • Husband and wife
  • Doctor and patient
  • Buy and sell
  • Predator and prey
  • Above and below
  • Give and receive
  • Teach and learn
  • Instructor and pupil
  • Servant and master
  • Borrow and lend
  • Come and go
  • Toward and away
  • Divisor and dividend
  • Parent and child
  • East and west
  • North and south
  • Seller and buyer
  • Mother and daughter
  • Slave and master
  • Floor and ceiling
  • Front and back
  • Up and down
  • Win and lose
  • Part and whole
  • Offense and defense
  • Behind and ahead
  • Before and after
  • On or off
  • Trap and release
  • Lost and found
  • Left and right
  • Give and get
  • Employer employee

Saturday, 20 October 2012


I found English is a meaningful language. So many words we used to say in our daily lives, but we don't actually know what do the words really mean.

This is the typically one:

That's the reason I say English is the most beautiful language among all. So, why don't you tell your father and mother how much you love them? Do it and speak in English.

5Ws and 1H

Question Words

We use question words to ask certain types of questions. We often refer to them as WH words because they include the letters WH (for example Why, How).

Question WordFunctionExample
whatasking for information about somethingWhat is your name?
asking for repetition or confirmationWhat? I can't hear you.
You did what?
what...forasking for a reason, asking whyWhat did you do that for?
whenasking about timeWhen did he leave?
whereasking in or at what place or positionWhere do they live?
whichasking about choiceWhich colour do you want?
whoasking what or which person or people(subject)Who opened the door?
whomasking what or which person or people (object)Whom did you see?
whoseasking about ownershipWhose are these keys?
Whose turn is it?
whyasking for reason, asking what...forWhy do you say that?
why don'tmaking a suggestionWhy don't I help you?
howasking about mannerHow does this work?
asking about condition or qualityHow was your exam?
how + adj/advasking about extent or degreesee examples below
how fardistanceHow far is Pattaya from Bangkok?
how longlength (time or space)How long will it take?
how manyquantity (countable)How many cars are there?
how muchquantity (uncountable)How much money do you have?
how oldageHow old are you?
how come (informal)asking for reason, asking whyHow come I can't see her?

Tuesday, 16 October 2012

Express your day!

Objective of the day - express your day in English.

"How is the weather over there your hometown?"

Then I guess you will know how to answer after you learned the following new vocabulary.

Theme of today: Weather

Part of speech
Example Sentence
an appliance that cools down the air in a home or building
The airconditioner keeps the office nice and comfortable even when it's very hot outside.
a dangerous slide of snow down a mountain
The skiers were warned about a possible avalanche.
below freezing
preposition/ adjective
temperature less than 0 degrees Celsius/(32F)
It's supposed to go below freezing before the weekend.
a storm with lots of snow and wind
The airplane couldn't take-off because of the blizzard.
boiling hot
adjective + noun
common expression for describing a very hot day
It was boiling hot, so we all jumped into the lake.
light wind
Don't bother with a hat. There is always a breeze near the ocean.
measurement of temperature (0 degrees is freezing/100 is boiling)
In the summer, the average temperature here is 20 degreesCelsius.
It's a bit chilly today, so I think you should wear a coat.
when the sky is blue because no clouds are blocking the sun
On a clear night you can see a lot of stars.
water in the sky that appears as a white or grey mass
It may look cloudy in the morning, but the sun always comes out by afternoon.
cold spell
adjective + noun
a period of colder than average weather
They're calling for a cold spell, so we put off our camping trip.
temperature in between warm and cold
The days were boiling hot, but the nights were cool and comfortable for sleeping.
measurement for temperature
I don't feel the heat until it's about forty degrees Celsius outside.
continuous verb
raining slightly
I think I'll take the dog for a walk. It's only drizzling now.
a long period with no rainfall
Forest fires are a serious danger during a drought.
measurement of temperature (32 degrees is freezing/212 is boiling)
It was 100 degrees Fahrenheitwhen we got to San Francisco.
overflow of rain water
The flood was so bad, our basement was full of water.
very light snowfall
There are a few flurries but the snow isn't sticking to the roads.
thick water vapor that blocks one's vision
We couldn't see the bridge because there was too muchfog.
the expected weather for the future
According to the 5 day forecast, it's going to rain on our wedding day.
freezing cold
adjective + noun
common expression used to describe a very cold day
It was a freezing cold day for the Santa Claus parade.
ice crystals on a frozen surface
Some flowers are so strong they can withstand frost.
a skin condition caused by over exposure to the cold (typically reddish skin with white spots)
I lost my hat while I was skiing, and I ended up with frostbite on my ears.
small pieces of ice that fall during a storm
There was so much hail that some of the trailer homes were destroyed.
heat stroke
a flu-like condition one can acquire after spending too long in the sun
Bring lots of water and wear a hat to avoid heat stroke in this weather.
extremely hot weather that is much higher than average--usually lasts a short time
During the heat-wave we cooled our beds down with ice packs.
moisture in the air
It feels a lot hotter than it actually is because of thehumidity.
a tropical storm with very strong wind and rain
Half of the buildings on the island were flattened by the hurricane.
slippery because of ice
The roads are icy so please avoid driving down any hills.
electrical discharge and flash between a cloud and the ground
The outdoor pool always closes when the lifeguards thinklightning is coming.
temperature that is warmer than average(in a cold season)
It's quite mild out so I didn't bother with a hat or mittens.
a person who studies weather patterns
The meteorologist predicted that the cold spell would be over by now.
indicates that a temperature is below zero
It was minus twenty degrees at the top of the skil hill.
no sun is visible
The sky is overcast this morning, but the sun is supposed to come out by late afternoon.
partly cloudy
adverb + adjective
term often used in a weather forecast to indicate that the skies are sunny and cloudy at the same time
Tomorrow's forecast is partly cloudy with clear skies by nightfall.
rain or snow that falls on an area
There is very little precipitationin the desert.
collection of rain water
Children love to splash inpuddles when they are wearing rubber boots.
rain/raining/ rainy
noun/continuous verb/adjective
water that falls to earth
My hair is all wet and messy from the rain.
a single measurement of rain
I love catching raindrops on my tongue.
a band of colours found in the sky after a rainfall
According to legend you can find a pot of gold at the end of arainbow.
raining cats and dogs
raining heavily
They cancelled the football game because it was raining cats and dogs.
scorching/        a scorcher
extremely hot temperature/a very hot day
It was a scorcher, so the whole family slept in the cool basement.
time of year characterized by certain weather
Winter,Spring,Summer,Fall (or Autumn)
My favorite season is Fall, because I love to watch the leaves changing colours.
quick/light rainstorm
They've been calling for showersall week, but so far it's been dry.
sleet(similar to hail)
rain that freezes as it falls
All-weather-tires are best if you have to drive in sleet.
snow on the ground that has been rained on
The snow turned to slush as soon as it started to rain.
heavy,dark cloud cover caused by pollution
You really notice the smogdowntown in this type of humidity.
snow/snowy/ snowing
noun/adjective/ continuous verb
frozen water that warms slightly as it falls to earth
It is already snowing up in the mountains, so the ski season should be great this year.
large amounts of wind and snow
All of the schools were closed because of the snowstorm.
sun/sunshine/ sunny
noun/ noun/adjective
the gassy star that warms the earth
We hope to have sunshine on the day of the beach picnic.
painful red/pink skin caused by being in the sun too long
The bald man got a sunburn on his head.
sunglasses/ shades
dark eyewear that protects you from the sun
I forgot my shades and I was driving right into the sun.
noun(also verb)/adjective (also verb)
brown/golden skin caused by long periods of sun exposure
I got a suntan on the cruise, but it has already faded away.
sunscreen/ suntan lotion
cream that protects your skin from sun damage
Don't forget to reapply yoursunscreen when you get out of the lake.
how warm or cold the air is
Can you check the temperaturebefore we get dressed for our walk?
instrument for measuring the temperature of the air
When I checked the temperature this morning, the thermometersaid it was already thirty degrees Celsius.
thunder is a loud noise after lightning, caused by rapid expansion of air superheated by the lightning
Let's close all of the windows. It looks like a thunderstorm is coming.
violently spinning windstorm
The tornado picked up everything in its path, including animals and cars.
held over one's head and body for rain protection
I always keep an umbrella in my car in case of rain.
UV (ultra violet) rays
the damaging rays from the sun
Ultra violet rays can cause skin cancer if you don't wear sunscreen.
blowing air outside
It's too windy to play golf today.
wind chill factor
when the wind makes the air feel colder than the actual temperature
It's minus two, but with the wind chill factor it's minus fifteen.