Sunday, 28 October 2012

Antonym & Synonym

A synonym is a word that means the same, or almost the same, as another word.
An antonym is a word that is the opposite meaning of another.

Here is a list of adjectives and their synonyms that are commonly used to describe people.

  • Beautiful: Attractive, Pretty, Lovely, Stunning
  • Fair: Just, Objective, Impartial, Unbiased
  • Funny: Humorous, Comical, Hilarious, Hysterical
  • Happy: Content, Joyful, Mirthful, Upbeat
  • Hardworking: Diligent, Determined, Industrious, Enterprising
  • Honest: Honorable, Fair, Sincere, Trustworthy
  • Intelligent: Smart, Bright, Brilliant, Sharp
  • Introverted: Shy, Bashful, Quiet, Withdrawn
  • Kind:Thoughtful, Considerate, Amiable, Gracious
  • Lazy: Idle, Lackadaisical, Lethargic, Indolent
  • Mean: Unfriendly, Unpleasant, Bad-tempered, Difficult
  • Outgoing: Friendly, Sociable, Warm, Extroverted
  • Rich: Affluent, Wealthy, Well-off, Well-to-do
  • Strong: Stable, Secure, Solid, Tough
  • Unhappy: Sad, Depressed, Melancholy, Miserable
  • Lucky: Auspicious, Fortunate
  • Positive: Optimistic, Cheerful, Starry-eyed, Sanguine
  • Bossy: Controlling, Tyrannical

There are three categories of antonyms:

Graded antonyms deal with levels of the meaning of the words, like if something is not “good”, is may still not be “bad.” There is a scale involved with some words, and besides good and bad there can be average, fair, excellent, terrible, poor, or satisfactory.

Examples include:
  • Fat and skinny
  • Young and old
  • Happy and sad
  • Hard and soft
  • Last and first
  • Foolish and wise
  • Fast and slow
  • Warm and cool
  • Wide and narrow
  • Abundant and scarce
  • Joy and grief
  • Dark and light
  • Dangerous and safe
  • Clever and foolish
  • Early and late
  • Empty and full
  • Smart and dumb
  • Risky and safe
  • Bad and good
  • Pretty and ugly
  • Best and worst
  • Simple and challenging
  • Soft and hard
  • Worried and calm
  • Sane and crazy
  • Rich and poor
  • Cool and hot
  • Wet and dry
  • Late and early
  • Ignorant and educated
  • Big and small
  • Optimistic and pessimistic
  • Excited and bored
  • Dull and interesting

Complementary antonyms have a relationship where there is no middle ground. There are only two possibilities, either one or the other.

Examples include:
  • Man and woman
  • Push and pull
  • Dead and alive
  • Off and on
  • Day and night
  • Absent and present
  • Exit and entrance
  • Sink or float
  • True or false
  • Pass and fail
  • Former and latter
  • Input and output
  • Interior and exterior
  • Exhale and inhale
  • Input and output
  • Occupied and vacant
  • Leave and arrive
  • Pre and post
  • Question and answer
  • Single and married
  • Hired and fired
  • Brother and sister
  • Before and after
  • Crooked and straight
  • Identical and different
  • Natural or artificial
  • Silence or noise
  • Identical or different
  • Yes and no
  • Wet and dry
  • Sharp and dull
  • Raise and lower
  • Fantasy and reality

Relational antonyms are sometimes considered a subcategory of complementary antonyms. With these pairs, for there to be a relationship, both must exist.

Examples are:
  • Husband and wife
  • Doctor and patient
  • Buy and sell
  • Predator and prey
  • Above and below
  • Give and receive
  • Teach and learn
  • Instructor and pupil
  • Servant and master
  • Borrow and lend
  • Come and go
  • Toward and away
  • Divisor and dividend
  • Parent and child
  • East and west
  • North and south
  • Seller and buyer
  • Mother and daughter
  • Slave and master
  • Floor and ceiling
  • Front and back
  • Up and down
  • Win and lose
  • Part and whole
  • Offense and defense
  • Behind and ahead
  • Before and after
  • On or off
  • Trap and release
  • Lost and found
  • Left and right
  • Give and get
  • Employer employee

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